The temperament theory as conceived by the Hippocrates over many years ago, divided it into four categories. Each temperament has its own strengths and weaknesses that forms a part of a person’s life.
A warm, buoyant, lively and enjoying person. He/she is outgoing and usually considered a super extrovert and very receptive in nature. He/she has an unusual capacity for enjoying himself. The presence of a sanguine brings exuberance with his/her conversation. He/she is a fascinating storyteller and his/her warm and emotional nature almost helps you relive the experience as he tells it. He/she never lacks friends, he can genuinely feel the joys and pains of the person he/she meets and his capacity to make him/her feel important as he will do to a special friend. Once he/she has left you he/she fixes all his attention on the next person he/she meets. People have a way of excusing the weaknesses of the sanguine by saying “that’s their way of life “.
A hot, quick, active, practical, strong willed and very independent in nature. He/she is very decisive and opinionated, he/she finds it easy to make decisions both for himself and others. He/she is considered an extrovert but not as intense as sanguine. A Choleric stimulates his/her environment with his/her endless ideas, plans, goals, and ambitions rather than allowing the environment stimulate him/her. It is difficult to find him/her engaged in aimless activities. He/she does not dither under the pressure of what others think but takes a definite stand. He/she often campaign against social injustice and discrimination. He/she is not frightened by rivals but they turn to encourage him/her. His/her determination usually allows him/her succeed where others have failed. His/her emotional nature is least developed. A Choleric does not sympathize easily nor show compassion, he/she is often embarrassed by tears of others. He/she is not given to analyses but tends to look at the good for which he is working without recognizing the potential pitfalls and obstacles in the path. Once he/she has started toward his/her goals he/she may run roughshod over individuals who stand in his way. A Choleric tends to be bossy and does not hesitate to use people to accomplish his/her ends. He/she is considered an opportunist.
The finest among the types of temperaments. He/she is analytical, self sacrificing, gifted, perfectionist type with a very sensitive emotional nature. He/she is considered an introvert but since his feelings predominate his is given to a variety of moods. Sometimes they (feelings) will let him to heights of elation that causes him to act more extroverted. However at other times he will be gloomy and depressed and during these periods he becomes withdrawn and can be quite hostile. He/she is a faithful friend but unlike the sanguine, he/she does not make friends easily. He rarely pushes himself forward to meet people but rather let them come to him. He/she is the most dependable of all the temperaments, for his purist and industrious tendencies do not permit him/her to let others down when they are counting on him/her. His/her introversion to put himself forward is often taken as an indication that he does not enjoy people. He/she does not only like other but have a strong desire to be loved by theirs. He/she finds it difficult to express his/her true feelings. He/she becomes suspicious when others seek him/her out or gives him/her attention. His/her exceptional analytical ability causes him to diagnose accurately the challenges and dangers of any project he/she has a part to play. Such characteristics find the melancholy reserved to initiate some new project or in conflict with those who wish to do so. Sometimes, in a mood of emotional elation or inspiration he may produce great work of art. But these accomplishments are often followed by moments of great depression. He/she finds greatest meaning of life through personal sacrifices. A melancholy is desirous of making himself suffer and often choose a difficult life vocation involving great personal sacrifice. No temperament has so much natural potential when energized as the melancholy.
A calm, easy going, never get upset individual with such a high boiling point that he/she almost never becomes angry. He/she is the easiest type of person to get along with and is by nature the most likeable of all the temperaments. Life for him/her is a happy, unexcited, pleasant experience in which he avoids as much involvement as possible. The phlegmatic never seems agitated no matter the surroundings. He/she is always consistent. Beneath his/her cool, reticent, almost timid personality, he has a very capable combination of abilities. He/she feels more emotional than appears on the surface and appreciates the fine arts and the beautiful things of life. He/she usually avoids violence. The phlegmatic does not lack friends because he/she enjoys people and has a natural, dry sense of humor. He/she is the type of individual who can have a crowd of people yet never crack a smile. Possessing the unique capability for seeing something humorous in others and the things they do, he maintains a positive approach to life. He has a good, retentive mind and is capable of being a fine imitator. He/she tends to be a spectator in life and tries not to get very involved with the activities of others. In fact, it is usually with great reluctance that he/she is ever motivated to do any form of activity beyond his daily routine. This does not mean however that he/she cannot appreciate the need for action and predicaments of others. He/she is usually kind hearted and sympathetic but seldom conveys his/her true feelings. When once aroused to action, however, his/her capable and efficient qualities become apparent. He/she will not volunteer himself/herself to leadership but when it is forced on him/her, he/she proves to be a very capable leader. The phlegmatic has an appeasing effects on others and he/she is a natural peacemaker.
Once a person is able to identify the category he/she belongs it makes it easier to know how to deal with yourself as an individual and how to classify others based on their actions.