28.5 C
Sunday, September 27, 2020

A look at Africa’s Gio people who never allowed children to live with their fathers

Popular Stories

See what Nengi was caught doing with Laycon in the Jacuzzi hours after Ozo’s eviction |Video

Hours after BBNaija lockdown housemate, Ozo was evicted from the reality show, his love interest Nengi has been spotted having a wonderful...

If A Dog Attacks You Don’t Run, Do Any Of These To Save Yourself

But sometimes, dogs also attack innocent people when a person is not familiar with them.

SEVEN Footballers Who Don’t Drink Alcohol

Alcohol taking as an exercise is common in almost every society as it is a major mode of “socialization”. The situation is...

Stop Charging Your Phone In The Night. See Why

ou may already have heard the warnings: Don’t overcharge your mobile phone. Make sure you unplug it from the charger after it...
- Advertisement -

History cannot discuss the Gio people located in northeastern Liberia and Ivory Coast without mentioning their warfare, having been a pain in the butt of the Liberian government. Migrating from present-day Guinea and Mali into their current locations in the mountainous west-central Ivory Coast and adjacent areas of Liberia, the Gio or the Dan fought with their neighbors in their new homes for many years.

Later, with their Mande-speaking neighbors, they invaded the coastal region, where an account states that they replaced some of the Atlantic tribes and pushed back the Kru.

- Advertisement -

Right after Liberia became a sovereign state in 1847, the new government started appeasing the Gio and other warring groups and by the early 1900s, peace had been established.

Today, the Gio or the Yacouba, who are mostly farmers growing crops such as rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, cocoa, coffee, and rubber, can be found in villages divided into quarters. Each quarter houses an extended family or lineage headed by a “quarter chief.”

Previously, the Gio, now numbering about 700,000, had small, single-room huts made of mud and thatch. In each household, a man’s wife had her own hut where her children lived until they were mature enough to move out. Some accounts even state that children never lived with their fathers. But a lot has changed among the Gio, as houses have become larger with more rooms. Thus, wives in a polygamous marriage do not necessarily live in separate homes today as they are now found in the same home as the husband.

A Gio family. Photo: Liberia77
- Advertisement -

Note also that though “quarter chiefs” have powers over an extended family, it is the town or village chief who has authority over a whole village, working in consultation with the council of elders. It is these same elders who oversee the “secret society,” a society that marks boys’ initiation into manhood. This society guides the boys as they come up against what the Gio describe as “the mysteries of the spirit world.”

Essentially, the Gio, also famed for their art and ritual masks, which they stress have supernatural powers, do believe in a supreme god but do not worship it. Rather, they worship a spiritual power called Du which acts as a mediator between the people and the supreme god.

In effect, the Gio in a report by Discover African Art “believe the world is divided into two realms; the human realm, surrounded by the village and people, and the spirit realm, residing in the forest encompassed by spirits and wild animals.

- Advertisement -

“The forest is considered sacred, only after saying a prayer while wearing specific special materials, can one cross into the spirit world.”

And of course, their spiritually charged masks are often used as a bearer of these objects.

Source link

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

More articles

Latest article

Islamist militants kill 18 in north-eastern Nigeria

The Nigerian military says 18 people have been left dead after an ambush on a government convoy in the north-east of the country. It...

Nine new model schools to be completed by end of 2020

The Minister for Education,  Dr. Matthew Opoku Prempeh, has assured President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo that the nine model schools being constructed by...

EC ends voter exhibition exercise today

The Electoral Commission (EC) is expected to end its voter exhibition exercise today, Sunday, September 27, 2020. Registered voters who have not yet verified...

Schools in Oti Region benefit from disinfection exercise by Education Ministry, others

Public and private basic and senior high schools (SHSs) in the Oti Region have benefited from the third phase of the on-going national...

Enterprise Life, Enterprise General Insurance awarded at 2020 Ghana Insurance Awards

Two subsidiaries of the Enterprise Group have demonstrated leadership once again with a sterling performance at the 2020 Ghana Insurance Awards held in...